Thesis Level: "MS Thesis"
Researcher Name: Raisa Sultana
Supervisor Name: Dr. Nurul Islam Nazem
Academic Session: 2013-14
Date of submission: 06 October 2016
Children are the significant part of the society. The changes in the world entirely depend upon them as they are going to replace the present generation. For this reason, it is extremely important to provide the facilities they require for their sound and healthy development. Recreation, a fundamental right for children, plays as crucial component in the successful growth of the brain, body, and intellect. The research question is whether the children can access to the open spaces for recreational purposes or not, and what are the reasons behind it and what should be done.
A developing country like Bangladesh put the least emphasis on providing the recreational facilities to the children. The built up areas are increasing day by day, which result the decrease of open spaces for various reasons like encroachment, preference on economical profit, lack of awareness. The present study reveals that Dhaka South City Corporation area has only 20% or 1/4th open space area compared to the population’s requirement. Parks and playgrounds occupy only 2.7% of the total land area of DSCC, which can be used for recreational activities.
Based on 247 sample households chosen scientifically, that shows that About 70 percent of children do not visit the open spaces for recreational purposes whereas approximately 58% of households have playgrounds nearby home. More than 64 percent urban schools cannot provide the basic recreational facilities for children. Apart from the physical unavailability of open space nearby home, the children from various socio economic groups cannot access the recreational places due to social issues like insecurity, lack of company, busy schedule, affordability, conservative attitude etc.
Another 160 sample school children were chosen to explore the daily activities and recreational pattern of urban area. It is found that there is no significant or special pattern of recreation time for urban children. Due to hectic schedule and urbanism, the children enjoy their leisure time whenever they get time. Bangladesh shows distant characteristics regarding recreational behavior compared to the other nation’s children.
The present study strongly recommended the promoting planned neighborhood in every areaand recreational facilities in every school. Both Governmental and local level initiatives should be encouraged to undertake community level play and recreation provision to ensure a better and healthy living of the urban residents, especially for children.
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