Urbanisation and Urban Population in Bangladesh: The Census Data of 2001 and 2011 Revisited

Author(s): Md. Anwar Hossain   Shahana Sultana  

Journal Name: CUS Bulletin on Urbanization and Development

Volume & Link: 69-70

Publisher: Centre for Urban Studies, Dhaka

Year: 2016

Abstract:

According to the Population and Housing Census, the enumerated urban population of Bangladesh was 33.56 million in 2011 which was only 4.30 million higher than in 2001. Level of urbanization has been declined to 23.30 percent in 2011 from 23.53 in 2001 and the extent of urban area decreased about 17.22 percent from 2001 (10711.89 Sq.km) to 2011 (8866.42 Sq.km). Urban population growth rate decreased to 1.38 percent per year in 2011 from 3.5 percent per year in 2001. The change of the definition of urban areas from 2001 to 2011 was the main causes of such pattern of urban statistics. Though BBS has provided an adjusted figure of national urban population for 2011 (urban population: 39.85 million and level of urbanization: 27.66 percent) according to former definition after criticized by the different stakeholders and researchers but didn’t provide any regional level urban data. Thus, stakeholders and researchers are facing problem in using the 2011 data at regional level In this context, present paper illustrates the results of an exercise which was aimed to calculate the regional level urban data based on the new and former urban area definition and to make a bridge between the two censuses so that the users specially the researchers will able to use a ready but accurate data for their valuable study on urban sectors.

Citation:

Hossain, M. A. and Sultana, S. (2016). Urbanization and Urban Population in Bangladesh: The Census Data of 2001 and 2011 Revisited. CUS Bulletin on Urbanization and Development. 69-70, 11-18. Dhaka: Centre for Urban Studies.

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