1. Environmental Management: Theory, Principles and Key Concepts
1.1 Key terms and concepts
1.2. Evolution of Environmental Management
1.3 Approaches to environmental management (Ad hoc; Systems; Problem-solving; Regional; Political economy; Human ecology; Commercial; Voluntary sector; Specialist discipline)
2. Environmental Protection Principles: sustainability, polluter pays, precautionary equity, human rights
3. Economics of the Environment: Models, dynamics, Property rights, Economics of pollution control, Environmental value
4. Environmental Planning
4.1 Strategic environmental management
4.2 Environmental planning framework
4.3 Understanding environmental problems
5. Practice of Environmental Management
5.1 Pollution and waste management
5.2 Tourism and environmental management
5.3 Urban environmental management
5.4 Ecosystem planning and management
6. Environmental Hazards and Risk Assessment
6.1 Defining hazards, vulnerability, risk and exposure
6.2 Natural and man-made hazards
6.3 Pressure and Release Model (PAR)
6.4 Access Model
6.5 Methods for an integrated risk assessment
6.6 Regions of risk model
6.7 Place of vulnerability model
7. Environmental Management Tools and Techniques
7.1 Environmental management methods, tools and techniques
7.2 Techniques of environmental risk assessment and management (Methods of Ecological, Health and Industrial risk assessment)
7.3 Life cycle assessment (LCA)
7.4 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): steps of an ideal EIA and preparation of an EIA report
7.5 Environmental accounting and auditing
7.6 Environmental reporting
7.7 GIS and Remote sensing techniques in environmental management
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