GETh 303: Climatology – I

Course IDCourse NameInstructorRoom NumberTime
GETh 303Climatology - INazmun Nahar, Dr. Fatima Akter23011:00-11:50 A.M. (Sunday), 12:00-12:50 P.M. (Tuesday), 12:00-12:50 P.M. (Wednesday)

1. Introduction to Climatology: Scope and Methodology
 
2. The Atmosphere: Structure and Present Composition; Characteristics of the Gases –
      Carbon dioxide, Ozone; Global Temperature Change and Greenhouse Effect
 
3. The Energy of the Atmosphere
      3.1 Isolation & Temperature: Factors & Controls; Transfer of Energy; The Earths Heat Balance; Spatial & Temporal Variation of Temperature; Inversion of Temperature
      3.2 Air Pressure; Causes; Horizontal & Vertical Variation of Pressure
 
4. Atmospheric Moisture;
      4.1 Humidity- Moisture Variables; The Hydrologic Cycle
      4.2 Evaporation and Condensation
      4.3 Condensation Forms: Clouds, Fogs
      4.4 Precipitation: Formation and Types
 
5. Atmospheric Motions
      5.1 Forces Controlling Motion: The Coriolis Force
      5.2 Winds in the Upper Atmosphere: Geostropic, Gradient, Friction Layer and Vertical Wind
      5.3 Temperature and Air Motions; Adiabatic Processes; Air Stability; Relationship between Vertical and Horizontal Motion
 
6. Atmospheric Circulation and Scales of Motion
      6.1. Planetary Scale; Tricellular Model and General/Planetary Circulation; Jet streams
      6.2. Macro Scale; ITCZ and the Monsoon Wind System; Cyclones (Tropical); Anticyclone
      6.3. Meso Scale; Land & Sea Breeze, Mountain & Valley Winds,
      6.4. Micro Scale Circulation
 
7. Ocean Atmosphere Relationship: Walker Circulation, El-Nino, La-Nina,
 
 
Suggested Readings:

  • Barrry, R.G., and R.J. Chorley, Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, Methuen & Co.
  • Critchfield, H.J., General Climatology. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall.
  • Hare, F. K., The Restless Atmosphere. (Revised edition). New York: Harper & Row Publishers Inc.
  • Mather, J. R., Climatology. Fundamentals and Applications. New York: McGraw Hill Book
  • Trewartha, G.T. and Horn, L.H., An Introduction to Weather and Climate. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill.
  • Pettersen, S., Introduction to Meteorology, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc.
  • Aguado, E. and Burt, J. E. 2010. Understanding Weather and Climate. Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA.
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